Skip to content
The Beginner's Guide on How to Set up a Wheelchair Ramp

The Beginner's Guide on How to Set up a Wheelchair Ramp

As we age, our bodies naturally weaken, and mobility becomes more challenging. For many elderly individuals, mobility assistance is necessary, whether it's a cane, walker, or wheelchair. Wheelchairs provide the most mobility independence for the elderly, allowing them to participate in daily activities like grocery stores or visiting friends and family. However, sometimes, navigating around the house or even in public spaces can be challenging for elderly individuals. This is where wheelchair ramps come in handy.

Wheelchair ramps make wheelchair usage easier, allowing elderly individuals to access different areas of their homes or public spaces. Ramps allow people in wheelchairs to navigate steps, curbs, and other obstacles that may otherwise be impossible to access. However, setting up a ramp is difficult; even if it may look as easy as placing a ramp on a specific spot, you may need to consider the ramp's angle, length, and weight capacity. Moreover, you must also set the ramp correctly, or users may be exposed to unintentional risks. To help you with this, here is a step-by-step guide:

Step 1: Select a Ramp Type

Several types of ramps are available in the market, such as:

Permanent Ramps

These ramps are ideal for those who require a permanent solution for accessing their home or business. They are typically made of concrete, wood, or aluminium and can be customised to fit the exact measurements of the area.

Adjustable Ramps

These are ideal for those who need a ramp but don't want to change their home or business permanently. They are typically aluminium and can be adjusted to fit different heights.

Folding Ramps

These ramps are ideal for those who need a portable ramp to carry when on the go. They are typically made of aluminium and can be folded and stored in a car trunk.

Modular Ramps

These ramps are ideal for those who need a ramp that can be easily customised and expanded. They are typically made of aluminium and can be configured to fit the exact area measurements.

Step 2: Evaluate the Ramp Gradient

The gradient of the ramp is a crucial factor to consider when setting up a wheelchair ramp. UK regulatory guidelines require a 1:6 to 1:15 gradient for wheelchair ramps. This means every inch of height should be at least six inches of ramp length. For example, if the height of the step is six inches, the ramp should be at least 36 inches long.

The user's physical ability also determines the ramp's gradient. A steeper gradient may be more challenging for some individuals to navigate, while a gentler gradient may be more suitable. When selecting the ramp gradient, it is important to consider the user's strength and mobility.

Step 3: Ensure a Level Landing for the Ramp

The landing at the top and bottom of the ramp should be level and stable. This is especially important for the user's safety and ease of use. The landing should be at least as wide as the ramp and long enough to provide ample space for the user to manoeuvre, turn, and position themselves before entering or exiting the ramp.

The landing should also be slip-resistant and free of obstacles or tripping hazards. Be sure to check the surface material for the landing and ensure that it is durable, non-slip, and easy to clean. It is also recommended to install handrails on both sides of the landing to provide additional support and stability for the user.

Step 4: Secure Your Wheelchair Ramp

Anchoring the ramp to the ground or landing surface is important to ensure it is secure and stable. Depending on the surface type, this can be done using anchor bolts or screws.

For concrete surfaces, anchor bolts can secure the ramp to the ground. The bolts should be placed in the pre-drilled holes in the ramp and then drilled into the concrete. For wooden surfaces, screws can be used to secure the ramp to the landing. The screws should be long enough to go through the ramp and into the landing surface.

Step 5: Regular Inspections

To ensure the safety of the wheelchair ramp, it is important to conduct regular inspections. This can be done weekly or monthly, depending on the frequency of use.

During the inspection, check for any loose bolts or screws, cracks or splits in the ramp, and any other signs of wear and tear. If any issues are found, they should be addressed immediately to prevent any accidents or injuries. You must also keep the ramp clean and free of debris, such as leaves or snow, which can cause slip and fall hazards.


Wheelchair ramps are a vital mobility assistance tool for the elderly, allowing them to access different areas of their home or public spaces. However, following the guide above is crucial to ensure the ramp is safe and secure. This way, the elderly can enjoy the independence and mobility they deserve.

If you’re looking for a mobility equipment shop, Mobility 2 You is for you! We offer various mobility aids, including walking aids, transit chairs, and recliners, all for affordable prices. Call us today at 020 8807 0702 to place an order!
Previous article Mastering Transit Wheelchairs - A Beginner's Guide
Next article A Guide to Using a Bath Lift Chair for Independent Bathing